Monday, June 1, 2020
Magnificence of Australia Australia Ã¢â¬â is a terrific country with its history and culture! It was discovered during the campaign of the new territories discovering. James Cook was the first to describe this land and declare it to be the property of Her Majesty. 200 years have passed and Australia turned into the continent, which became the most popular among the tourists. The weather in Australia practically all the year round is favorable for the trips: the temperature varies between 32 and 25Ã¢â¬â¢C above zero and only in winter it is 18 Ã¢â¬ËC. Australia is an extraordinary country: warm winters, rivers, fantastical animals, small capital called Canberra, which is hard to find on the map Ã¢â¬â everything about this country makes your heart beat faster! Only in Australia you can meet duck-bill, echidna, wombat Ã¢â¬â the biggest rodent in the whole world, to say nothing of koalas, kangaroos, Ostriches and a great number of different parrots. The majority of tourists come to Sidney as it is the most well-known and the biggest megalopolis of the country. It is situated on ocean shore and its natural harbor is tremendously beautiful! The Sydney Opera House Ã¢â¬â one of the brightest world architecture masterpieces Ã¢â¬â is situated right there. You can easily order the helicopter excursion in order to see this part of the city and its magnificence! Too bad that Australia is so far away from us. This is really a beautiful part of the Earth, where you can find almost everything and have a really great time. If you decide to visit this unusual land, you should spend more than a week for this striking trip: it takes much time to see all the interesting things in Australia.
Saturday, May 16, 2020
Ordered on June 20, 1940,Ã USSÃ MissouriÃ (BB-63) was the fourth ship of theÃ Iowa-class of battleships.Ã Overview Nation: United StatesType: BattleshipShipyard: New York Navy YardLaid Down: January 6, 1941Launched: January 29, 1944Commissioned: June 11, 1944Fate: Museum Ship at Pearl Harbor, HI Specifications Displacement: 45,000 tonsLength: 887 ft., 3 in.Beam: 108 ft. 2 in.Draft: 28 ft. 11 in.Speed: 33 knotsComplement: 2,700 men Armament (1944) Guns 9 x 16 in. (406 mm) 50 cal. Mark 7 guns (3 turrets of 3 guns each)20 Ãâ" 5 in. (127 mm) 38 cal. Mark 12 guns80 x 40 mm 56 cal. anti-aircraft guns49 x 20 mm 70 cal. anti-aircraft guns Design Construction Intended as fast battleships capable of serving as escorts for the new Essex-class aircraft carriers then being designed, the Iowas were longer and faster than the earlier North Carolina and South Dakota-classes. Laid down at the New York Navy Yard on January 6, 1941, work on Missouri proceeded through the early years of World War II. As the importance of aircraft carriers increased, the US Navy shifted its building priorities to those Essex-class ships then under construction. As a result, Missouri was not launched until January 29, 1944. Christened by Margaret Truman, the daughter of then-Senator Harry Truman of Missouri, the ship moved to the fitting out piers for completion. Missouris armament centered on nine Mark 7 16 guns which were mounted in three triple turrets. These were supplemented by 20 5 guns, 80 40mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns, and 49 20mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns. Completed by mid-1944, the battleship was commissioned on June 11 with Captain William M. Callaghan in command. It was the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy. Joining the Fleet Steaming out of New York, Missouri completed its sea trials and then conducted battle training in the Chesapeake Bay. This done, the battleship departed Norfolk on November 11, 1944, and, after a stop in San Francisco to be fitted out as fleet flagship, arrived at Pearl Harbor on December 24. Assigned to Vice Admiral Marc Mitschers Task Force 58, Missouri soon departed for Ulithi where it was attached to the screening force for the carrier USS Lexington (CV-16). In February 1945, Missouri sailed with TF58 when it began launching airstrikes against the Japanese home islands. Turning south, the battleship arrived off Iwo Jima where it provided direct fire support for the landings on February 19. Re-assigned to protect USS Yorktown (CV-10), Missouri and TF58 returned to the waters off Japan in early March where the battleship downed four Japanese aircraft. Later that month, Missouri struck at targets on Okinawa in support of Allied operations on the island. While offshore, the ship was struck by a Japanese kamikaze, however, the damage inflicted was largely superficial. Transferred to Admiral William Bull Halseys Third Fleet, Missouri became the admirals flagship on May 18. Japanese Surrender Moving north, the battleship again struck targets on Okinawa before Halseys ships shifted their attention to Kyushu, Japan. Enduring a typhoon, Third Fleet spent June and July hitting targets across Japan, with aircraft striking the Inland Sea and the surface ships bombarding shore targets. With the surrender of Japan, Missouri entered Tokyo Bay with other Allied ships on August 29. Selected to host the surrender ceremony, Allied commanders, led by Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz and General Douglas MacArthur received the Japanese delegation aboard Missouri on September 2, 1945. Postwar With the surrender concluded, Halsey transferred his flag to South Dakota and Missouri was ordered to aid in bringing home American servicemen as part of Operation Magic Carpet. Completing this mission, the ship transited the Panama Canal and took part in Navy Day celebrations in New York where it was boarded by President Harry S. Truman. Following a brief refit in early 1946, the ship undertook a goodwill tour of the Mediterranean before sailing to Rio de Janeiro in August 1947, to bring the Truman family back to the US after the Inter-American Conference for the Maintenance of Hemisphere Peace and Security. Korean War At Trumans personal request, the battleship was not deactivated along with the other Iowa-class ships as a part of the postwar downsizing of the navy. Following a grounding incident in 1950, Missouri was sent to the Far East to aid United Nations troops in Korea. Fulfilling a shore bombardment role, the battleship also aided in screening US carriers in the area. In December 1950, Missouri moved into position to provide naval gunfire support during the evacuation of Hungnam. Returning to the US for a refit in early 1951, it resumed its duties off Korea in October 1952. After five months in the war zone, Missouri sailed for Norfolk. In the summer of 1953, the battleship served as the flagship for the US Naval Academys midshipman training cruise. Sailing to Lisbon and Cherbourg, the voyage was the only time the four Iowa-class battleships cruised together. Reactivation Modernization Upon its return, Missouri was prepared for mothballs and was placed in storage at Bremerton, WA in February 1955. In the 1980s, the ship and its sisters received new life as part of the Reagan Administrations 600-ship navy initiative. Recalled from the reserve fleet, Missouri underwent a massive overhaul which saw the installation of four MK 141 quad cell missile launchers, eight Armored Box Launchers for Tomahawk cruise missiles, and four Phalanx CIWS guns. In addition, the ship was fitted with the latest electronics and combat control systems. The ship was formally recommissioned on May 10, 1986, in San Francisco, CA. Gulf War The next year, it traveled to the Persian Gulf to aid in Operation Earnest Will where it escorted re-flagged Kuwaiti oil tankers through the Straits of Hormuz. After several routine assignments, the ship returned to the Middle East in January 1991 and played an active role in Operation Desert Storm. Arriving in the Persian Gulf on January 3, Missouri joined coalition naval forces. With the beginning of Operation Desert Storm on January 17, the battleship commenced launching Tomahawk cruise missiles at Iraqi targets. Twelve days later, Missouri moved inshore and used its 16 guns to shell an Iraqi command and control facility near the Saudi Arabia-Kuwait border. Over the next several days,Ã the battleship, along with its sister, USS Wisconsin (BB-64) attacked Iraqi beach defenses as well as targets near Khafji. Moving north on February 23, Missouri continued striking targets ashore as part of the coalition amphibious feint against the Kuwaiti coast.Ã In the course of the operation, the Iraqis fired two HY-2 Silkworm missiles at the battleship, neither of which found their target. As military operations ashore moved out of range of Missouris guns, the battleship commenced patrolling the northern Persian Gulf. Remaining on station through the armistice of February 28, it finally departed the region on March 21.Ã Following stops in Australia, Missouri arrived at Pearl Harbor the following month and played a role in the ceremonies honoring the 50th anniversary of the Japanese attack that December. Final Days With the conclusion of the Cold War and the end of the threat posed by the Soviet Union, Missouri was decommissioned at Long Beach, CA on March 31, 1992. Returned to Bremerton, the battleship was struck from the Naval Vessel Register three years later. Though groups in Puget Sound desired to keep Missouri there as a museum ship, the US Navy elected to have the battleship placed in Pearl Harbor where it would serve as a symbol of the end of World War II. Towed to Hawaii in 1998, it was moored next to Ford Island and the remains of USS Arizona (BB-39). A year later, Missouri it opened as a museum ship. Sources Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships: USS MissouriBattleship Missouri MemorialHistorynet: USS Missouri
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Renewable Energy Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be transformed: the first law of conservation of energy. Since the earliest days of human history, man have always been looking forward to control energy. But it wasnt until the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that humanity finally learned to harness the high concentration of energy existent in fossil fuels. (Why Sustainable Energy Matters,Learning Space). Even though humans achieved to apply the first law of conservation of energy/matter, they failed to understand the principle. That is that energy/matter cannot be created or destroyed. Missing this premise and walking society towards modernization, humanity has been destroying the environment with contaminationÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Second, renewable energy systems make use of organic wastes, producing energy as well as cleaning the environment. For example, bio-diesel from unwanted cooking oil has saved approximately 1 billion of US gallons of petrol-d iesel while helping thousands of local restaurant owners get rid of their wastes. (Renewable Energy,American Green). Clearly, the use of the waste in the environment keeps both the carbon dioxide pollution and the organic wasted shedding under control. Finally, renewable energy is pro-environmental because is does not represent a hazard to the Earth. In the contrary, renewable energy resolves all menaces that could degrade the environment. (Solar Energy,Renewable Energy for America). As an illustration, nuclear energy plants have solved the pollution problem efficiently, but they yield to a similar problemÃ¢â¬âradiation-- while renewable energy facilities give rise no further complications. Also, renewable energy is the most suitable of the energy resources because it is economical. Primarily, renewable energy generators take advantage of the free energy in the environment. (Solar Energy,Renewable Energy for America). Furthermore, they make use of the surplus of energy in the e nvironment. For instance, solar panels are the perfect form of renewable energy generation by making use of the solar energy the planet does not need. Second, renewable energy generators are economic to operate and maintain. OnceShow MoreRelatedRenewable Energies : Renewable Energy980 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRenewable Energies BHARC1403 - ICWS Rishabh Bhasin Ã¢â¬Æ' Ã¢â¬Å"I declare that this assessment is my own work and that the sources of information and material I have used (including the internet) have been fully identified and properly acknowledged as required in the referencing guidelines provided.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Æ' Introduction Renewable sources of energy are the ones that can never be exhausted as they are provided by nature. For example- solar, hydro, wind, biomass. 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Perhaps, that is why energy efficiency and renewable energy are gaining more and more attention from the largest names in the financial, energy, and industrialRead MoreRenewable Energy: Is It the Solution?1571 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction Renewable energy is considered a revolutionary thing, something that can save us from peak oil and climate change, but is it really what it seems? Renewable energy can help ease our predicament. There are multiple ways to achieve this, including the use of newer, greener technologies such as wind, solar power, and biomass. The purpose of this paper is to educate, theorize, and discuss various aspects of renewable energy, such as its history, development, and the advantages and disadvantagesRead MoreEssay on Renewable Energy873 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSoutheast Polk High School opened they added many new energy saving products. This included installing geothermal heating under the high school cutting back on the cost of heating such a large building. Many new windows help save on energy used to light the building along with automatic lights that turn off after several minutes without movement. The new high school shows how easy it is to save money and help the environment. Renewable energy is good for all aspects of the U.S, providing jobs, economicalRead MoreEnergy Sources Of Renewable Energy1944 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesExecutive Summary The development of renewable and alternative energy is becoming more and more necessary as the traditional fossil fuel energy is a non-renewable energy and can cause various environmental problems such as the global warming effect. However, the challenge today in generating alternative energy is to find a cost effective way while has the smallest harmful environmental impacts. Developing bioenergy have the advantage of reducing greenhouse gas emission while creating great economicRead MoreRenewable Energy Essay813 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesStudyonlinenow Renewable Energy Is Only Part of the Best Way to Prevent Climate Change In our present life we are going through two of the main hazardous changes on the Earth, global warming and greenhouse affects. We want mankind to survive for a very long time, but if we keep using non-renewable energies the way we do, do you think we will be able to survive for a long time? I strongly believe that renewable energy is only part of the best way to prevent climate change. In this essay I
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Discuss and analyse the impact of equals and school in in-between childhood. Provide specific exemplifying illustrations of how equals and school positively and negatively act upon the development of kids in the pre-adolescent old ages. Discourse the function of the household in childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s accommodation ( psychosocial and academic spheres ) . Peers become increasingly more important in in-between childhood. Ã¢â¬ School-age kids. in contrast. are distressingly cognizant of their classmatesÃ¢â¬â¢ sentiments. judgements. and accomplishmentsÃ¢â¬ ( Berger. 2012 ) . Children concerns about credence within different equal groups come to footings in in-between childhood. Friendships are of import for societal development because kids learn more from kids their ain age than they learn from their parents. Parents demand order and regard and in retrospect are much older than the kid. Ã¢â¬Å"Friendships become more intense and intimate as societal knowledge and effortful control a dvanceÃ¢â¬ ( Berger. 2012 ) . The societal apprehensivenesss of center aged kids frequently focus on the common demands of credence by equals and turning away of rejection. We will write a custom essay sample on The Influence of Family and Peers Essay Sample or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page however. being rejected due to civilization and popularity are seen throughout in-between childhood. Ã¢â¬Å"Whether in the signifier of badgering. intimidation. exclusion. or isolation due to miss of friendly relationships. virtually all kids experience peer rejection from clip to timeÃ¢â¬ ( Blacher A ; Eisenhower. 2004 ) . In society. during in-between childhood. kids are accepted and popular if they are athletic. cool. outspoken. and dominant. Children covering with rejection by equals experient depression. society anxiousness. and low self-pride. Coping mechanisms include Ã¢â¬Å"behavioral schemes like disregarding those childs and moving like nil is traveling on. and merely seeking to bury about itÃ¢â¬ ( Blacher A ; Eisenhower. 2004 ) . Bullying is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"repeated. systematic onslaughts intended to harm those who are unable or improbable to support themselvesÃ¢â¬ ( Berger. 2012 ) . Strong-arming occurs everyplace such as schools and communities. and has a really negative influence on the development in kids. There are many different signifiers of intimidati on. Bullying can be eliminated by kids talking out and instructors listening to the pupils. The function of household is important to the development of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s accommodation. Families provide love and support to kids of all ages. Families can assist the child psychosocial development by supplying drama day of the months and promoting the kid to take part in group activities ( Berger. 2012 ) . By supplying a safe place for the kid provides harmoniousness. stableness and a protective place ( Berger. 2012 ) . Over-all. atomic households function best because Ã¢â¬Å"children in the atomic construction tend to accomplish better in school with fewer psychological problemsÃ¢â¬ ( Berger. 2012 ) . Families influence kid development by providing demands. promoting larning. learning the kid to hold self-respect. and elating the self-pride of a kid. Mentions Berger. K. S. ( 2012 ) . The Developing Person: Through Childhood and Adolescence. New York: Deserving Publishers. Blacher. J. . A ; Eisenhower. A. ( 2004. Get the better ofing peer rejection and advancing friendly relationship. The Exceeding Parent. 34. 73-76. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //serch. proquest. com. library. Capella. edu/docview/223508075? accountid=27965
Saturday, April 18, 2020
The Gilded Age Many people viewed businessmen of the nineteenth century as robber barons. They believed that these businessmen were so emerged into giant corporations and were so dedicated in striving for monopolistic power that their only pursuit was wealth and power in lieu of accomplishments. This entry counterbalances the idea of robber barons. John Chamberlain emphasizes the creative accomplishments of these business leaders. He explains the effects they had on the American public, while also realizing the ?shameful aspects? of their actions. In the following essay, I will summarize Chamberlain's views on Vanderbilt, Rockefeller and Carnegie, their achievements and their pursuit to deal with the American economy. The period after the Civil War resulted in a significant growth in the industrialization of the American economy. Many new faces started to emerge out into industrial enterprises. One of these new faces was Cornelius Vanderbilt. People believed that he was a man that used trickery to control properties that he wanted. When involved with something, Vanderbilt was a man who was determined to have physical and economical improvements for the company. He began his career from his love of steamboats, but as the steamboats era came to an end Vanderbilt became involved with railroads. With his profit made from steamboats and oversea affairs, he purchased shares of the Harlem Railroad. This would later help him gain stock control of Canada Southern, Lake Shore and the Michigan Central. These first steps lead him to much fame in the economical world. He relayed the Central's tracks from New York to Chicago with new steel rails and stronger steel bridges. He produced a more efficient type of l ocomotive and the traveling time was drastically shortened. Vanderbilt helped link the east and west worlds of America together. ?Vanderbilt may have watered the Central's stock. But as fast as he watered it he solidified it ? and the worst that can be said about his is that he was a shrewd capitalizer of future earnings.?(59) Chamberlain next examined John D. Rockefeller and his Standard Oil Company, the nation's first big trust. Standard Oil Co. offended the nation's traditional competitive ethics. People were used to small regional businesses and could not comprehend Rockefeller's determination for his company to become absolutely perfect. He became involved with a small refinery run by Samuel Andrews, this first partnership lead to new partners. His company increased its profits by making its own barrels in its own cooperage plants, shipping its products in large quantities and plowed most of its profit back into the business. As time went by, Rockefeller's company absorbed all but five out of a total of some 25 local refineries. Many could not resist Rockefeller's decision of seizing their refinery. ?We will take you burdens, we will utilize your ability, we will give you representations; we will all unite together and build a substantial structure on the basis of co-operation.? (63) As time passed, people began to reject Rockefeller's pursuits of buying their refineries. Western Pennsylvania oil refineries banned together and several joined the Acme Oil Co., which was a rival of the Standard Oil Co. The Southern Improvement Co. was a device said to be invoked by Rockefeller. One of its purposes was to exact rebates running up to 50% of the carrying charges on all of its oil transported by the Pennsylvania, Erie, and the New York Central. Most manufacturers considered it to be quite legitimate to get discounts for bulk shipments and for a guarantee of a steady flow of business. A controversy over this issue began and the news spread. Railroads quickly respond to the problem and said that all future oil shipments would be based on equality for everyone. Rockefeller used the Southern Improvement contract to draw in Cleveland refineries into his corporation. He was able to stabilize the oil market by exterminating competition. From a monopoly angel, people have said that Rockefeller brought the industrial age of America to an incredible height. Two points have resulted from this point of view: 1st he was probably the most able competitor of the 19th century and 2nd the Standard Oil Co. was able to keep competition from returning as the 20th century approached. In 1892, the Supreme
Saturday, March 14, 2020
Smoking During Pregnancy Essays Smoking During Pregnancy Essay Smoking During Pregnancy Essay A pregnant women and her unborn baby are sensitive to the effects of our environment, this include drugs, disease and stress. One of the legal drugs that exist is nicotine. Through smoking, nicotine is readily absorbed from tobacco smoke in the mouth, upper respiratory tract and lungs into the blood stream in which they are carried to all parts of the body (Fried Oxorn 1980, p. 26). Nicotine, carbon monoxide and other toxic substance of tobacco smoke is dangerous during pregnancy. Smoking during pregnancy is one of the bad habits that can bring complications to the baby.During the pregnancy there are potential problems associated with smoking such as increased the chances of miscarriage and stillbirth, having high risk premature baby and low birth weight infants. According to US Department Health and Human Services 1980 study (cited in Wakefield Wilson 1988, p. 5) that aside from birth weight, the risk of spontaneous abortion, fetal death and neonatal death rises directly with incr easing levels of maternal smoking during pregnancy. It is also know the increased risk of abruption placentae, placenta previa and bleeding early in pregnancy or late pregnancy is also related to smoking.In addition, there is evidence that smoking have long term effects to the child such as reduced physical growth, slightly poor performance on intelligence test, and some behavioural disorders in the child of school age (Fried Oxon 1980, p. 111). If the pregnancy is planned it is important to a mother-to-be to know how harmful smoking to the foetus is. There are studies that the women do not have the clear perception of the effects that smoking might have on the foetus and the risks involved.The best way to minimize the risk and complications of smoking is through quitting smoking cigarettes before becoming pregnant. However, if smoking cannot be given up entirely the pregnant women should at least decrease the amount of cigarettes smoked to decrease the severity of effects to the f oetus. Quitting smoking is beneficial to the mother-to-be and to the baby. Activities such as sports, exercise and listening music can divert the mind away from smoking. There are no harm of trying to quit smoking but if this will not working there are support strategies to help quitting effectively.
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Freges Puzzle of Identity Statements - Essay Example Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob Frege, a German philosopher, was one of the founder fathers of establishing a systematic and analytical approach to the philosophy of language. He instituted the idea of logically proving the quantified statements. In Frege's philosophy of language he found two puzzles, of which one related to the identity of statements. Frege says Now if we were to regard equality as a relation between that which the names 'a' and 'b' designate, it would seem that a = b could not differ from a = a (i.e. provided a = b is true). A relation would thereby be expressed of a thing to itself, and indeed one in which each thing stands to itself but to no other thing (Bencivenga E, 1993). Here, he observed that mere representation of names and descriptions does not convey the information content of a statement or a sentence in terms of logic and meaning. He further probed and found that a minimum of two relations are required for significant understanding of the language. In the subsequent paragraphs we will discuss the Frege's Puzzle of identity statements in detail and reasonably justify the solution of the puzzle as suggested by Frege himself. Identity statements are the expressions that equate the objects on both sides of the identity sign (Geach, O. and Black, Max, 1960). For example, "(2+3) = 5", "Clint is Eastwood" and "John is Peter's father". All these statements essentially belong to the same clan of kind " a= b". The statement "a = b" can only hold true when "a" and "b" both represent the same object or an individual. Now, consider a statement of kind "a = a". This statement also requires the same truth condition as required for the statement of kind "a = b". For both the cases, object or the individual is same and also, the denotations represent the same individual or the object. However, the meaning conveyed in the two cases is different. This appears to be a paradoxical situation as the representations of a unique object or an individual have a difference while being true at the same time. The Frege's puzzle states that when the difference in the representations, that is, "a" or "b" is not established by the tw o cases under consideration, then how we can find the difference in meaning or cognitive significance between the two true identity statements (Fiengo, Robert and May, Robert, 2006). Cognitive Significance of the Difference of Identity Statements To resolve the issue of difference, we first understand cognitive significance of a name or a statement. Cognitive significance of a statement, as brought out by Frege, can only be described by two important aspects of the statement, namely, 'sense' and 'reference' (Zalta, Edward N, 2005). Here, the 'sense' of the statement conveys more information then its interpretation by mere visual inspection (Schirn, M, 1976). Moreover, 'sense' is the integral part of the name and different names are associated with different 'sense' (Zalta, Edward N, 2005). A group of two or more statements may indicate or refer to a singular object but each statement has a unique sense of its own. Next, we obtain the distinction between the